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Friday, September 25 • 2:00pm - 3:30pm
Localizing IP Interconnection: Experiences from Africa and Latin America

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There is a growing literature suggesting that the presence of Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) promotes investments, reduces transit costs and increases the quality of Internet access services in developing countries (Sowell, 2013; Galperin et al., 2014). Other studies suggest that IXPs also promote local content hosting, as content producers and application developers seek to take advantage of reduced latency and shorter routes (Kende and Rose, 2015). While the theoretical case is well established, empirical evidence about the technical performance of IXPs in such contexts and its impact on local access and hosting markets continues to be scarce. There is also uncertainty about whether technical standards and measurement tools developed in high-connectivity countries are appropriate. Further, these technical debates have been recently complicated by policy initiatives promoting mandatory data localization in several countries.

This panel seeks to contribute to these debates by bringing together leading scholars whose work focus on IP interconnection and the performance of IXPs in Africa and Latin America. The panel is based on case studies that offer a variety of different perspectives. Some papers are more technically oriented, seeking to establish how IXPs are changing the topology of IP connectivity within countries and across regional links, and discussing alternative measurements for best capturing these changes. These papers also address the question of how to develop appropriate technical standards that facilitate new IXP deployment in low-connectivity contexts. Other papers are more policy oriented, addressing questions related to the impact of IXP initiatives on industry performance and the key factors that facilitate or hinder successful implementations.

The topics of the panel are of relevance to the TPRC audience for several reasons. First, they address questions about changes in Internet topology and interconnection economics that have been of interest to the TPRC community for several years. Further, the panel introduces a development perspective to these questions, presenting evidence from a range of case studies in Africa and Latin America where Internet infrastructure and services are significantly lagging behind. Lastly, the panel addresses methodological questions about broadband quality measurements, Internet topology and IX impact assessment that are relevant to TPRC community at large.



Moderators
DR

David Reed

University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado
Dr. David Reed is the Faculty Director for the Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Program at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He also leads the new Center for Broadband Engineering and Economics that specializes in the interdisciplinary research of the emerging broadband ecosystem, and is Senior Fellow, Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado. | | Dr. Reed was the Chief... Read More →

Presenters
JC

Jane Coffin

Director, Development Strategy, Internet Society
IXPs, connectivity, access, connecting the next billion, development
HG

Hernan Galperin

University of Southern California
avatar for Nishal Goburdhan

Nishal Goburdhan

Internet Analyst / IXP Manager, Packet Clearing House / INX-ZA
IXPs, DNS, BGP


Friday September 25, 2015 2:00pm - 3:30pm
GMUSL - Room 120

Attendees (20)